Children are curious, so when they ask “How is my cereal made… how does it grow?” you could tell them cereal comes from grains and show them how to grow their own. Okay, it may take a little time, but it will be a lot of fun. You don’t even need a big garden to grow wheat - just some soil in a large pot will do. If you’re wondering how to grow wheat, follow our step-by-step guide and they’ll be little farmers in no time!
What wheat seeds to choose?
Wheat seeds are often available at gardening and DIY stores or online. Check that the seeds are the right ones for the time of year you’re planting:
- Winter wheat is planted in the autumn and harvested from mid-May.
Spring wheat is planted in the spring and harvested in autumn.
Both spring and winter wheat are divided into:
- Soft wheat, which has a low gluten content and is used for pastries and crackers,
- Hard wheat which is high in gluten and used for bread, and durum wheat which is used for pasta.
When it comes to growing wheat, the type of seeds that are best for you will depend on where you live. It’s worth asking for advice in the gardening store you buy your seeds from.
How to grow wheat in 7 easy steps
Learning how to grow wheat takes patience. But once you see the seedlings growing, all the waiting will be worth it. We have put together a super easy to follow 7 step guide on how to grow wheat so that you and your little ones can get to growing your very own wheat crop!
1. It’s all about timing
Wheat should be planted in the spring or the autumn – timing is important, so it’s a good idea to make a note on your calendar of when you need to start planting your seeds.
2. Prepare the soil
You’ll need some good rich soil, so it’s best to dig in some compost. (You can buy bags of compost at garden centres and DIY stores. Or you could make your own by throwing all your food waste into a compost bin. It takes a few months for it to be ready to use, but it’s worth the wait.) Make sure the ground is fairly even - you can use a shovel and rake to do this. Most children love digging and raking – so sit back and let them play!
3. Get planting wheat seeds
Sprinkle the seeds over the soil - you need 3 oz for every 100 square feet (85 g for every 10 square meters). It’s best to help your child do this – just in case you get wheat in your flower beds!
4. Rake it out
Rake over the soil to cover the seeds. Help your child out with this job as it needs a gentle touch.
5. Scare the crows!
You probably won’t need a scarecrow – but if you’re growing wheat outside, you’ll need to cover the seeds to protect them from birds.
6. Just add water
Make sure the wheat seeds get enough water - if it doesn’t rain, water them once a day. (Why not get your child their own little watering can?) If you go away, instead of asking a neighbour to water your crop, you could use an automatic watering system. You can pick up an inexpensive and easy to use kit from your local DIY stores or garden centre.
7. See how the wheat seeds grow!
Now that the hard part of growing wheat is done, it’s time to wait. Be patient, and before long you’ll see the first green shoots. Once the colour of the stalks turns from green to yellow or brown, the heads will become heavy with grain and start to bend forward. So now you have your own crop of golden wheat, what are you going to do with it? Well, you could harvest it and make your own wheat flour. Alternatively, you could sit back and admire your beautiful golden wheat – it really does look fantastic and is an unusual addition to your garden or outside area.
How long does it take to grow wheat?
Patience is key when it comes to growing wheat. So, make sure the kids are prepared for that! Traditionally it can take up to 4 months for your wheat seedlings to mature. If the weather has been dry and warm, then the wheat will grow quicker.
When is wheat ready to harvest?
Farmers usually harvest their wheat crops during spring, winter and autumn. The best autumn months, in which a full harvest usually takes place are September or October. The best winter months are December or January and the best months in the spring are March or April.
Now you’ve learnt all about how to grow wheat and how long it takes. Next, check out our top facts about wheat!